靈魂樂（Soul Music），是1950年代發源自美國，它結合了黑人福音音樂（Gospel Music）、節奏藍調（R&B）和爵士（Jazz）等音樂流派。靈魂樂通過節奏藍調的加入讓傳統福音音樂其更加世俗化。它有鮮明的節奏、拍掌、即興肢體動作。此外，獨唱與伴唱之間的對唱、緊繃的發聲技巧I也是其主要特色。早期靈魂樂的代表作是雷·查爾斯演唱的《I Got a Woman》。整個60年代后期，靈魂樂開始頹廢，像Rascals,the Box Tops,Mitch Ryder,Tony Joe White和Roy Head樂隊受到一系列的重創。70年代時，靈魂樂繼續發展，如霍爾與奧茲、Robert Palmer、Average White Band、Boz Scaggs，和大衛·鮑伊等樂隊的推進，使演奏風格更加現代化。靈魂樂影響了搖滾樂的產生和發展，而后來不同形式的新時代元素的加入也帶給靈魂樂各式各樣新的音樂表現和內涵。Soul music is a popular music genre that originated in the United States in the 1950s and early 1960s. It combined elements of African American gospel music, rhythm and blues, and often jazz. Soul music became popular for dancing and listening in the United States – where music such as that of the Motown, Atlantic and Stax labels was influential during the period of the civil rights movement – and across the world, directly influencing rock music and the music of Africa.According to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, soul is "music that arose out of the black experience in America through the transmutation of gospel and rhythm & blues into a form of funky, secular testifying."Catchy rhythms, stressed by handclaps and extemporaneous body moves, are an important feature of soul music. Other characteristics are a call and response between the soloist and the chorus, and an especially tense vocal sound. The style also occasionally uses improvisational additions, twirls and auxiliary sounds.